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Transparent conductive oxides (TCO's) are electrically conductive materials with a low absorption of electromagnetic waves within the visible region of the spectrum. They are used in a variety of applications such as flat panel displays, thin film solar cells, light emitting diodes (LEDs), opto-electrical interfaces, touch screens, and automobile window de-icers and de-foggers. Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) is the most widely used transparent conductive oxide material; it has exceptional properties such as low resistivity (~10-4 Ω-cm) and high transparency in the visible spectrum. However, ITO is an expensive material. For this reason, Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide (AZO) and Indium-doped Cadmium Oxide have been utilized as alternative materials.

LTS (Chemical), Inc. is a pioneer in the development of standard and custom TCO's for the photovoltaic industries. Since 2006, LTS participated in R&D projects for newer kinds of TCO materials such as IGZO, ZTO, GZO, and GTO. The materials IGZO and IGO are now widely accepted throughout the thin film industry.

TCOs are vital to a variety of modern technologies
  • Indium Tin Oxide (ITO)
  • Indium Zinc Oxide (IZO)
  • Aluminum Zinc Oxide (AZO)
  • Indium Tin Zirconium Oxide (ITZO)
  • Indium Gallium Oxide (IGO)
  • Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide (IGZO)
  • Tin Oxide (SnO)
  • Zinc Tin Oxide (ZTO)
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